Just like use rabbits are susceptible to dental problems because their teeth grow constantly. This is why it is important to feed a correctly balanced diet with abrasive foods, such as hay that helps to wear rabbits’ teeth down correctly.
If they do not get enough, their teeth may become overgrown causing pain. Overgrown teeth mean that a rabbit will struggle to eat properly which cause soft tissue injury inside the mouth and lead to tear duct obstruction and abscess formation.
Gut stasis occurs when the digestive system slows down or stops, leading to a build-up of gas and toxins which can cause serious complications and requires veterinary treatment. This may happen when a rabbit is getting fed inappropriately with too many readily fermentable carbohydrates and not getting enough high quality fibre in their diet.
Rabbits kept as pets are less active than those in the wild so are at risk of obesity if the correct diet isn’t fed and they don’t get enough exercise. The bulk of a rabbit’s diet should be high-quality hay or fresh grass. The muesli-style diets have been found to increase the risk of obesity as rabbits tend to favour the carbohydrates and fats found in the food rather than the high fibre pellets.
Flystrike happens when flies lay their eggs in the rabbit’s soiled fur around their rear end. The eggs then hatch and the maggots will burrow into the rabbits' skin. You should check your rabbit’s condition daily, ensuring that they are clean, dry and their fur isn’t stained with urine or sticky poo.
Behavioural Issues in rabbits commonly arise associated with fear and aggression, urine spraying and destructive behaviour caused by digging or chewing. Rabbits are social animals and are best kept with at least one other rabbit but neutering is important to ensure pet rabbits can be mixed safely.
External parasites such as fleas, mites and mosquitoes not only cause irritation but may spread infectious disease such as myxomatosis, whilst a parasite known as E.cunuli can cause serious health issues that may lead to brain and kidney disease.
Rabbits are prone to bacterial infections that can lead to abscesses and serious respiratory disease e.g. snuffles and pneumonia.